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what is hypnosis ?

You probably already lived this type of experience where you are

behind the steering wheel of your car (it is even more frequent on freeway) or occupied with a repetitive task which does not require any special attention (like when you do the dishes) meanwhile you think of other things that go through your mind. These thoughts do not prevent you from doing what you are doing though. All these moments of musing where we are "somewhere else", "on the moon" constitue the trances of our everyday life. Hypnosis is similar to this type of trance, but in an induced way. For scientists, hypnosis corresponds to the fourth physiological state of mind but which, contrary to the three first states (like wakefulness or REM sleep for instance) is unconscious, so that where we are not able to notice it with the typical electroencephalogram. There are however certain elements which are noticeables, that is, empirically proved, but nevertheless have hardly any scientifically explanation (anesthesia, treatment of burns). These objective proofs allow to make the difference between a "real" hypnosis and an awakened suggestion or another simulation. Indeed, the experience of pain, which disappears in the first case can only be supported in both examples. It would not be interesting to try to give a too precise definition of the hypnosis because each of us can live this experience in a totally different way. It would be pity to define the field of the experiences lived by some people. We prefer to let each person define his/her own experience. This idea corresponds to one of the fundamental principles of the therapy according which we look for the opening of the field of the possible. We could say that the experience of the hypnosis corresponds to slipping into a "different" behavior, separated from our "common" behavior. To resume the words of Th. Melchior * : hypnosis can be perceived as an invitation to postpone, to deviate, releasing oneself from a way of usual working, with sometimes stiff representations, which does not leave any more or little place for creative imagination. The Ericksonian approach of hypnosis distinguishes itself from the classic, authoritarian hypnosis, such as practised in the 18th century. This approach turns to searching the resources whithin the patient, with the aim of helping him/her by respecting his/her needs. It is a useful approach using the patient's personality and behavior by means of suggestions. In this direction, Ericksonian hypnosis adapts itself to the patient unlike the authoritarian hypnosis, which wants to adapt the subject to the contents of the suggestions, by imposing them to him(her).   [praticiens title="Psychologist"]

 

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